Artificial intelligence (AI) is becoming pervasive in our daily lives, from self-driving cars and drones to virtual assistants like Siri and Alexa.
Although AI has the ability to drastically alter many facets of our society, it also carries a significant risk of harm if improperly governed.
In light of this, the Biden administration has proposed a voluntary “AI bill of rights” regarding the development of AI systems.
The US government is currently starting the process of establishing rules for AI products.
In recent years, both in the United States and internationally, the development of AI systems has attracted a lot of attention.
With several businesses and institutions making significant investments in the technology.
Yet, as AI spreads, there are increased worries about its potential dangers and unforeseen consequences, including job loss, biased decision-making, and privacy loss.
In order to allay these fears, the Biden administration unveiled a voluntary “bill of rights” for the development of AI systems.
This document outlines five principles that businesses should adhere to in order to utilize AI
in an ethical and responsible manner.
The Push for AI Regulations
Quite apart from the voluntary nature of the Biden administration’s AI bill of rights, there is mounting support for more explicit rules around its usage.
As the usage of apps like ChatGPT grows, Senate Majority Leader Charles Schumer has lately launched an effort to develop regulations on AI in order to address concerns about national security and education.
The establishment of rules regulating AI is widely supported within the industry, but there is less clarity on what such regulations should cover and what qualifies as “responsible” AI.
Early on, it was thought that AI systems should be able to explain why they came to a specific conclusion or suggestion.
This notion has, however, been contested by others, who contend that explainability may not always be possible or required.
The Importance of Establishing Rules for AI
Regulations must be put in place to control the usage of AI as it becomes more and more ingrained in society.
These guidelines are essential for guaranteeing ethical and responsible AI use and preventing technological abuse.
So, Establishing rules for AI can address issues with national security and education while promoting transparency and responsibility in its creation and use.
Also, The risks associated with AI are substantial in the absence of regulation.
AI systems that are ill-conceived or biased might have disastrous effects when utilized to make choices about things like loan approvals or medical
Uncontrolled AI may also make discrimination and inequities already present worse.
These threats may be reduced and responsible and ethical AI usage is ensured by regulating the development and use of AI systems.
Also, these rules must strike a balance between encouraging innovation and protecting safety and equality.
Efforts Being Made to Establish Rules for AI
Five guidelines have been established by the US government as a voluntary “bill of rights” that companies should adhere to while creating AI systems.
Transparency, explainability, justice, dependability, and privacy among these guiding principles.
The public is being consulted by the US government on how to put these ideas into practice and what further steps should be taken to create AI regulations.
Several professionals and groups are also urging the creation of regulations that govern AI.
The Future of Life Institute, the Electronic Frontier Foundation, and the Center for Democracy and Technology are a few of these groups.
Recent Efforts in the US
This month, April 2023, the US Department of Commerce formally asked the public for input on establishing AI development regulations.
The focus of the request is on self-regulatory, legislative, and other methods and regulations that may offer trustworthy proof to outside stakeholders, guaranteeing that AI research is legal and secure.
In support of this, Schumer created and distributed a discussion document outlining a comprehensive strategy for AI regulation.
Today, I’m launching a major new first-of-its-kind effort on AI and American innovation leadership.https://t.co/Nmocv7yKcQ— Chuck Schumer (@SenSchumer) April 13, 2023
The document makes various recommendations, including the formation of an AI advisory council and the creation of AI standards.
Through these initiatives, we can design trusted rules for AI development that encourage ethical innovation and guarantee security and equality.
There is, however, no agreement over the specifics of these regulations or what “responsible” AI would entail.
The 5 Principles of the Biden Administration’s AI Bill of Rights
The 5 guiding principles of the Biden administration’s AI bill of rights are as follows:
- Transparency: AI systems should be transparent in their conception, development, and application, with detailed justifications of the choices and suggestions they make.
- Privacy: Data security and privacy protection should be a priority while developing AI systems.
- Equity: AI systems ought to be created to encourage equity and prevent prejudice based on racial, gender, or other distinctions.
- Accountability: Businesses and organizations should take responsibility for how their AI systems are used, and they should have procedures in place to recognize and address any unintended consequences.
- Safety: While developing AI systems, potential dangers should be considered and, whenever possible, minimized.
Other Countries’ Efforts
Regulation of AI is required worldwide, not only in the US.
The European Union proposed new regulations for artificial intelligence (AI), which would prohibit
certain of its applications, including social scoring and real-time facial recognition in public places.
No matter which #tech we use, we have to continue to advance our freedoms & protect our rights. That’s why we don’t regulate #AI technologies, we regulate the uses of #AI.— Margrethe Vestager (@vestager) March 31, 2023
👉 Let’s not throw away in a few years what has taken decades to build.
#SummitForDemoracy @StateDept 🇺🇸 pic.twitter.com/pW7Y6myEml
Transparency, human monitoring, and accountability standards are also included in the EU regulations for high-risk AI systems.
China has joined the party as well by releasing a draft of laws to control generative AI services.
This news came out at the exact same time as the US Commerce Department’s public comment period on AI accountability rules.
The 20 points in the draft released by China’s internet censorship body center on assuring
accuracy and privacy, combating discrimination, and defending intellectual property rights.
It is obvious that China is taking this seriously and is concerned with ensuring that AI is applied ethically and responsibly.
The Need for Responsible and Ethical AI
The establishment of AI regulations aims to promote the appropriate and ethical use of this technology as well as avoid its abuse.
Although the potential benefits of AI to society are great, responsible and ethical development and implementation are required.
AI that is deployed and created responsibly makes sure it is secure, open, and accountable. Moreover, ethical AI is AI that is designed and used in accordance with moral values like justice, privacy, and autonomy.
We can make sure that this technology has a good impact on society by encouraging the development of ethical and responsible AI.
A positive start toward assuring the responsible and sensible use of AI systems is the Biden Administration’s AI Bill of Rights.
Yet, as the risks of unregulated AI become more obvious, there is rising need for more formal rules around AI.
We can guarantee that AI is utilized for society as a whole by adopting rules that support safety, equity, and responsibility.